On January 10, 1907, the Société de l’Histoire du Costume was founded in Paris to create a “Musée du Costume.” Sixteen of the founders were painters, and most of them were artists that historicized the eighteenth century. In this lecture, curator and scholar Pascale Gorguet Ballesteros considers the influence of artists such as Maurice Leloir (1853–1940), Gustave Jean Jacquet (1846–1909), and François Flameng (1856–1923) in the formation of the eighteenth-century fashion collection of the Palais Galliera and the construction of its image.

Responsible for the eighteenth-century collections at Palais Galliera, Musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris, Pascale Gorguet Ballesteros has curated several exhibitions including Fastes de cours et cérémonies royales in 2009 at the castle of Versailles and L’art de paraître au 18e siècle at Nantes and Dijon Fine Arts Museums in 2021 and 2022. She teaches fashion history and fashion materials at Sorbonne Université. Her next exhibition will deal with women, travels, art, and fashion in the Enlightenment.