The Art and Architecture of the Baroque Garden





This course charts the history of garden architecture in Europe from the late 16th through the early 18th century. The emphases are on aspects of design, form, and function of gardens in southern and northern Europe in the context of historical, political, and philosophical developments. Other factors relevant to the expansion of contemporary gardens include the influence of prints, books, and treatises, as well as the taste for antiquity. Worldwide travel, the discovery and naturalization of exotic plant species, and the subsequent rise of botanical knowledge also receive detailed attention. The phenomenal rise of contemporary science and technology and its effect on garden decoration (waterworks) are discussed. Also highlighted are the educational kindergarten in early 17th-century Germany, tulipomania in the Netherlands, the Elysium Britannicum (Evelyn), theater at the French court (Versailles), gardens and the decorative arts during the reign of William and Mary, and Peter the Great’s passion for gardening in Russia. The course concludes with the rococo park and jardin anglais-chinois of the early 18th century, as garden art and architecture take on a new direction. 3 credits.