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Gothic Revival

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Growing out of the eclecticism of 18th-century Europe, the Gothic Revival developed as a unique style, first in Great Britain but soon throughout Western and Central Europe and, eventually, in the United States. After a brief examination of Gothic art and architecture, examples of Gothic style that date from the late 16th and 17th centuries are noted. The 18th-century beginnings of the revival style, such as Strawberry Hill, are studied and contrasted with the more romantic and historically conscious expressions of Gothic Revival during the 19th century. The writings of major figures such as A.W.N. Pugin and Viollet-le-Duc are studied, along with their artistic production. The collecting of medieval objects, in both Europe and the United States, is studied in relation to the interest in the revival style. The continuity of the Gothic Revival into the 20th century is traced in the art and architecture of the United States and Europe. Finally, the influence of Gothic Revival on the Arts and Crafts movement and art nouveau is considered. 3 credits.