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Nineteenth-Century European Furniture

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A history of furniture in France, Germany, and England during the 19th century, when the industry changed more dramatically than it had in any previous period. Major stylistic developments, key designers and reformers, materials, and techniques of manufacture are explored. Discussion also centers on the “battle of the styles,” the critical issue of revivalism, and the consequent discourse between copy and fake; cross-cultural influences; the tension between industrialization and handcraftsmanship; the popularization of furniture forms and designs through new marketing techniques, including the growth of trade fairs and commercial trade catalogues; and the emerging movement to create a national style that surfaced as an element of design reform. 3 credits.