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From Morris to the Mackintoshes: Arts and Crafts in Britain and Europe, 1860–1900

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This course is an in-depth examination of the development of the Arts and Crafts movement in Britain and its influences in Europe, particularly in Austria and Germany, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As the most modernized, powerful, and affluent nation in the world at the middle of the 19th century, Britain was the first to experience the unsettling impact of industrialization and the first to generate compelling design responses to it. Throughout the last third of the century, British design reformers developed and disseminated what was arguably the most vital and influential aesthetic movement of the age. This course explores the historical context for the Arts and Crafts movement, examines the works and careers of its major advocates, and traces the emigration of British design ideas to the Continent, where they were simultaneously embraced and transformed. 3 credits.